Before you can successfully raise capital from investors, you need a valuation for your startup. Whether you’re looking to take your company public or private, get an equity investment from another firm, or receive grants and awards, you will need a valuation to complete these tasks. A startup valuation is an estimation of the value of your business at a particular point in time.
The specifics of this process may seem daunting at first glance, but once you understand the basics of startup valuation methods, it’s not as complicated as it seems. Depending on the type of funding or award that your startup is pursuing, different methods will be applicable to your situation.
Depending on which type of company you have established and what stage it has reached in its development, some methods are more relevant than others. As a result, we outline all the common techniques used to establish the value of a new venture and explain when they should be used.
What is Company Valuation?
Valuation is simply the process of determining the worth of an asset. When it comes to startups, there are two majortypes of valuations. The first is an equity valuation, which is an estimation of the value of your company based on its ownership percentages and the amount of capital that has already been invested in the business.
The second type of valuation is a debt valuation, which is used to determine the amount that a lender would be willing to lend to your company based on interest rates and other factors. When determining the equity valuation, investors will often use a multiple of a company’s future earnings, also known as a revenue multiple. When it comes to debt valuations, lenders will typically assess the risk associated with your business and offer a percentage of your sales or cash flow as a loan repayment amount. In both cases, the valuation will be based on a variety of factors, such as revenue growth, profit margin, and industry growth rates.
Starting Point for Determining Your Startup’s Value
The first step in valuing your company is determining what you want to achieve with the valuation. Depending on the type of funding that you’re pursuing, you may need a specific valuation amount to complete the transaction.
For example, you might need to raise $250,000 for your business by selling equity to another investor. In this case, the equity valuation method will be most commonly used. Alternatively, you may need a grant or award with a specific value attached to it. In this scenario, the debt valuation method will be used to determine the amount given to you by the funder.
Regardless of the type of funding that you’re pursuing, you should start the process with a clear understanding of the valuation amount that you want to achieve. This will give you a clearer idea of what methods you should use to determine your startup’s value.
Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) Method
The discounted cash flow method is one of the most commonly used methods in startup valuation. It is used to assess the value of a business based on its projected cash flows over the next few years. The DCF method is often used to value mature startups looking to go public or sell a large amount of equity to an investor.
This method uses a discounted cash flow model (DCF) to calculate the present value of future cash flows, including the amount that a company is expected to earn and the amount that it needs to spend to generate those earnings. Primarily, the DCF methodology will be used to forecast a company’s expected future cash flows, including the estimated amount of capital that will be spent to generate those cash flows.
Once these figures are calculated, the DCF method uses discount rates to determine the present value of these projected cash flows. The lower the discount rate that is used, the more valuable the company is, which is why the DCF method is often referred to as the discount rate method. This method is most commonly used to value mature startups looking to go public or sell a large amount of equity to an investor.
Mark-to-Market (MTM) Method
The MTM method is used to determine the value of an asset that is currently trading in the market. This method is often used to value startups after they have already completed an initial round of funding. The logic behind this method is that assets that are currently trading in the market are worth more than those that are expected to be sold in the future.
As a result, the MTM method uses the current value of an asset in the market to calculate its worth. Assets that are currently being traded in the market are valued based on their last transaction value, while assets that are expected to be sold in the future are valued based on the forecasted future value.
This method is often used when startups have completed an initial round of funding and the investors would like to calculate the current value of their investment.
Comparable Companies Analysis
The comparable companies analysis method is used to compare your startup to other firms in the industry in an attempt to determine its current value. This method is often used when startups are working to secure an equity investment from other companies or individuals.
When determining the current value of your company, an investor may use a comparable companies analysis to determine the value of your company based on other firms in your industry. This method uses a handful of companies in your industry as a comparison to your startup so that an investor can determine the value of your company relative to other firms.
When the equity valuation method is used to value a company, the amount that an investor is willing to pay for a stake in your company is known as an equity valuation. The equity valuation method is used to determine the value of an owner’s stake in a company based on the amount of capital that has been raised by the firm and its expected future value. The equity valuation method is most commonly used when an investor is pursuing a stake in your company by purchasing shares.
The value that an investor is willing to pay for a slice in your company will depend on a variety of different factors, including the amount of money that has been raised by the company to date, the revenue that the company is expected to generate in the future, and the amount that the investor believes the company is worth. Once these values have been determined, the equity valuation method can be used to calculate the price that investors are willing to pay for a stake in your company based on these factors.
The debt valuation method is used to determine the amount that a lender would be willing to lend to a company. The debt valuation method is often used when startups are pursuing grants or awards with a specific monetary value attached to them.
The amount that a funder is willing to lend to a company will depend on a variety of factors, including the amount of revenue the company is expected to generate in the future and the risk associated with loaning money to the business. Once these factors have been determined, the debt valuation method can be used to calculate the amount that a funder is willing to lend to a company based on these factors.
Limitations of Startup Valuations
The valuation of a company is an estimation of the value of the company at a specific point in time. Valuations are based on a number of different factors, including the amount of money that has been raised by the company, the revenue that the company is expected to generate in the future, and the amount that an investor is willing to pay for a slice of equity in the firm. The more optimistic these factors are, the more valuable the company is considered to be. As a result, the valuation of your company will likely change over time as these factors evolve.
Additionally, the valuation of a company will vary depending on who is doing the valuation. In other words, two different investors may use two different methods to value your company and come up with two different numbers.
One investor may value your company based on the cash flows that they expect the company to generate in the future, while another investor may value your company based on the amount of money that they are willing to invest in the business. The only way to ensure that you are being given an accurate valuation of your company is to use the same method each time.